SIOS observation facility catalogue

This catalogue has been developed to provide an overview of the observation facilities which collect SIOS data. An observation facility can be one instrument or a collection of instruments, e.g. a weather station, and is a term used by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The annotation is standardised following the WMO standards as far as possible, in order to make entries unambiguous and interoperable internationally.

How to add observation facilities

To enter data in the Observation Facility Catalogue, you must be logged in and have assigned the role "RI responsible" by the administrator. Please contact the Access and Logistics Officer to have this role assigned to your account.

How to enter data into the Observation Facility Catalogue (pdf)

SUBMIT DATA TO THE OBSERVATION FACILITY CATALOGUE

About OCF

The purpose of the catalogue is to make better use of the existing research infrastructure by facilitating the search for given parameters and their location. In this way, duplication can be avoided and new measurements can be co-located with existing ones. The catalogue may also be used to gain a simple overview of collected parameters and how to access the data. The search interface allows users to search for GCMD keywords or to filter by status, type or observatory. The map interface may be used to search in a particular area.

The catalogue was developed by the Norwegian Meteorological Institute, with input from a task force consisting of representatives from the Norwegian Polar Institute and the Alfred Wegener Institute. NySMAC members and RICC gave valuable input on the test version.

Observation Facility Variables Contact Additional Information
GPSTEC scintillation monitor
ATMOSPHERE>ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY>TOTAL ELECTRON CONTENT
GPSTEC scintillation monitor.
Continuous measurements from rooftop of Dasan Station. Time resolution 5 seconds. Access with time lag.
Jeong Han Kim
jhkim@kopri.re.kr
Korean Polar Research Institute
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Operational
SIOS project: -
RIS ids:
Site info:
GTN-P Barentsburg Borehole 12
CRYOSPHERE>FROZEN GROUND>PERMAFROST>PERMAFROST TEMPERATURE
In this borehole automated thermistor cable 15 m length with spacing 0,75 m inserted to the depth of 15 m is used. Borehole has metal casing for all depth.
Unit: Degree Celsius,
Frequency: 6 hours,
Method: Thermistor Automated,
Medium: Soil,
Resolution: Irrelevant,
Quality Check: Raw Data,
Accuracy: 0.1°C
Sarah Strand
sarah.strand@unis.no
The University Centre in Svalbard
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Operational
SIOS project: -
RIS ids:
Site info: The system of long - term permafrost observations was organized on the permafrost site of Russian Scientific Center on Spitsbergen in summer 2016 (Demidov et al., 2016). The monitoring site is established in the vicinity of the mining settlement Barentsburg on a sequence of Holocene marine terraces. The core drilling showed that the thickness of gravel sands and clays with massive and schlieren cryostructure forming the accumulative terraces is of 2 – 7 m.

Borehole is situated on a flat subhorizontal surface (inclination 2 ° to the NW) of top step of stairs of marine terraces in the vicinity of Barentsburg aerodrom, 95 m a.s.l.. Surface of terrace around drill point has ill-defined pattern structure. Soil is covered by plant cover (~80% of square) or by rocks (~20% of square). Also near to borehole there were remains of wood and metal tubes which had been used for drilling. In 2017 this remains were cleared away. Geological crossection is represented by fractured sandstone and mudstone overlaid by 2 m of gravelly loam with rocks. This borehole dates by early thirties of XX century when core drilling in the vicinity of Barentsburg was made for the purpose of coal exploration.
GTN-P Breinosa (E-2009)
CRYOSPHERE>FROZEN GROUND>PERMAFROST>PERMAFROST TEMPERATURE
Temperature-time data series with measurements at 0 m, 0.25 m, 0.5 m, 1 m, 2 m, 3 m, 4 m, 5 m, 7 m, and 10 m depth.

Unit: Degree Celsius,
Frequency: Hourly,
Method: Thermistor Automated,
Medium: Soil,
Resolution: Irrelevant,
Quality Check: Raw Data,
Accuracy: 0.2°C
Hanne Hvidtfeldt Christiansen
hanne.christiansen@unis.no
The University Centre in Svalbard
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Closed
SIOS project: -
RIS ids:
Site info: Permafrost borehole at the Breinosa in Spitsbergen.

Permafrost present but thickness unknown.

Lithology: 0-12m weathered material 10-12m: transition to bedrock.



GTN-P DB Ny-Ålesund
CRYOSPHERE>FROZEN GROUND>PERMAFROST>PERMAFROST TEMPERATURE
20 pt100 1/5 Din Class with 0.05°C accuracy at 0°C; connected to datalogger CR1000 Campbell SCI with Teflon wires.
Sampling time 10’, with recording of average, maximum and minimum values every hour at 0.3 and 1 m depth and every 24 hours at other depths.

Unit: Degree Celsius,
Frequency: Daily,
Method: Thermistor Automated,
Medium: Soil,
Resolution: Irrelevant,
Quality Check: Raw Data,
Accuracy: 0.1°C
Sarah Strand
sarah.strand@unis.no
The University Centre in Svalbard
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Operational
SIOS project: -
RIS ids:
Site info: The study site is set in the Brogger Peninsula (78°55’ N, 11°51’ E), close to the village of Ny- Ålesund. In particular the borehole is located on almost flat zone called Kolhaugen, between the coast and the Austre Broggerbreen forefield. The borehole is at 55 m a.s.l. very close less than 100 m southeastward from the Climatic Change Tower of CNR (Italy). Geologically the surface is composed by loose deposits (mainly marine beach deposits and rock weathered in situ-colluvium) with a not well developed soil above. Several inactive sorted circles occur in the area as well as some soli-gelifluction lobes and terraccettes. The study area lies in a polar semi-desert where three main vegetation types occur: 1) ridge vegetation with mesic conditions dominated by Dryas octopetala L. and Cassiope tetragona (L.) D. Don., 2) snow-bed vegetation with snow cover persistence dominated by Salix polaris Wahlenb., 3) heath vegetation where snow melt occurs early dominated by Carex rupestris All. and Saxifraga oppositifolia L.. Mosses and lichens are widespread in all the three types of vegetation.

Flat structural knob covered by at least 2.89 m of sediments but probably weathered rock (mainly sandstone) is present down to 10.45 m of depth. Snow is generally thin respect the surrounding areas (<0.3 m). Drilling operations were without any fluids (except for compressed air) starting with dry coring down to 2.89 m and afterwards partially without coring (hammer) with the collection of cuttings every visible changes. Ice content visible in the sediments both as interstitial and segregated ice needs to be analysed as well as the cores. The borehole has been drilled with a diameter of 51 mm. An hpd case with an internal diameter of 29 mm and ceiled at bottom was installed too. At the top the case is encapsulated in a bigger pipe (50 mm of diameter) that from the borehole reach the datalogger. Note that for firmware problems the data between 18 July 2015 to 26/01/2016 are too noisy to be accepted.

Drilling without fluids (except for compressed air) starting with dry coring down to 2.89 m and afterwards partially without coring (hammer) with collection of cuttings at visible changes. Hpd case with an internal diameter of 29 mm and sealed at bottom. At the top the case is enclosed in a bigger pipe (50 mm diameter) that from the borehole reaches the datalogger.
GTN-P Janssonhaugen P10
CRYOSPHERE>FROZEN GROUND>PERMAFROST>PERMAFROST TEMPERATURE
Ketil Isaksen
ketil.isaksen@met.no
Norwegian Meteorological Institute
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Operational
SIOS project: -
RIS ids:
Site info: The Norwegian PACE boreholes (Janssonhaugen Svalbard and Juvvasshøe southern Mainland Norway) are taken care of by Dr. Ketil Isaksen, so also for the coming years. He serves the dataloggers and collects the data. The data are stored at the Norwegian Meteorological Institute (met.no). ​

Lithology: Sand-/siltstone
GTN-P Kapp Linne 1
CRYOSPHERE>FROZEN GROUND>PERMAFROST>PERMAFROST TEMPERATURE
Temperature-time data series with measurements at 0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.50, 2.00, 2.50, 3.00, 4.00, 5.00, 6.00, 7.00, 8.00, 9.00, 10.00, 12.00, 15.00, 20.00, 25.00, and 29.00 m depth.

Unit: Degree Celsius,

Frequency: 6 hours

Method: Thermistor Automated
Medium: Soil
Resolution: Irrelevant
Policy: Open
Quality Check: Quality Controlled Data
Accuracy: 0.1°C
Hanne Hvidtfeldt Christiansen
hanne.christiansen@unis.no
The University Centre in Svalbard
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Operational
SIOS project: -
RIS ids:
Site info: Permafrost borehole at the Kapp Linne in Spitsbergen.
Permafrost present but thickness not known.

The entire hole is through bedrock. Possible to dig down c. 30cm in weathered rock. 0-3.5m: soft (weathered?) 3.5-5m: harder 4.1m: slip zone 5-11.7m: softer 11.7-14m: harder 14-15m: layering (sample) 17-30m: softer

Lithology: The entire hole is through bedrock. Possible to dig down c. 30cm in weathered rock.0-3.5m: soft (weathered?); 3.5-5m: harder; 4.1m: slip zone; 5-11.7m: softer; 11.7-14m: harder; 14-15m: layering; 17-30m: softer
GTN-P Kapp Linne 2
CRYOSPHERE>FROZEN GROUND>PERMAFROST>PERMAFROST TEMPERATURE
Temperature-time data series with measurements at 0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.50, 2.00, 2.50, 3.00, 4.00, 5.00, 6.00, 7.00, 8.00, 9.00, 10.00, 12.00, 15.00, 20.00, 25.00, 30.00, 35.00, and 38.00 m depth.

Unit: Degree Celsius,
Frequency: 6 hours,
Method: Thermistor Automated,
Medium: Soil,
Resolution: Irrelevant,
Quality Check: Raw Data,
Accuracy: 0.1°C
Hanne Hvidtfeldt Christiansen
hanne.christiansen@unis.no
The University Centre in Svalbard
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Closed
SIOS project: -
RIS ids:
Site info: Permafrost present but thickness not known.

Lithology: 0-2m: coarse (gravel) beach deposit (dry beach ridge); 2-4.8m: sand and clay, some occurrences of silt. Cohesive.; 4,8-6,2m: fine gravel; 6,2-7,8m: bedrock. light-coloured; 8-14,8m: dark-coloured; 14,8-15,8m: light-coloured; 8-38.8m: dark-coloured.
GTN-P Old Auroral Station PYRN
CRYOSPHERE>FROZEN GROUND>PERMAFROST>PERMAFROST TEMPERATURE
Temperature-time data series with measurements at 0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 2.00, 3.00, 5.00, 7.00, and 9.85 m depth.
Unit: Degree Celsius,
Frequency: Hourly,
Method: Thermistor Automated,
Medium: Soil,
Resolution: Irrelevant,
Quality Check: Raw Data,
Accuracy: 0.1°C
Hanne Hvidtfeldt Christiansen
hanne.christiansen@unis.no
The University Centre in Svalbard
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Closed
SIOS project: -
RIS ids:
Site info: The borehole is located 2m west of the midpoint of the resistivity monitoring profile. The westernmost line of the UNISCALM grid is located 12m east of the borehole. Drilled in loess deposit

Lithology: 0-1.2m: sand and some gravel; 1.2-3m: sand/silt/clay; 3-4m: clean ice (ice wedge or thick ice lens?); 4-6m: Mainly clay/silt; -10m: clay/silt, maybe some sand. Layered. Very low resistance during. Salinity at 10m is 11.8% (analysed by L.Hutchinson)
Gas Analyzer
ATMOSPHERE>ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR>WATER VAPOR INDICATORS>HUMIDITY
Li-cor 7550 gas analyzer deployed at 3,5 m agl
Continuous

ATMOSPHERE>ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY>CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS>CARBON DIOXIDE
Li-cor 7550 gas analyzer deployed at 3,5 m agl
Continuous
Ilaria Baneschi, Angelo Viola, Mauro Mazzola
Ilaria.Baneschi@cnr.it, angelopietro.viola@cnr.it; mauro.mazzola@cnr.it
National Research Council of Italy
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Operational
SIOS project: -
RIS ids: 11203
Site info:
Gill R3 sonic anemometer
ATMOSPHERE>ATMOSPHERIC WINDS>SURFACE WINDS>WIND SPEED
Gill R3 sonic anemometer
Continuous

ATMOSPHERE>ATMOSPHERIC WINDS>SURFACE WINDS>WIND DIRECTION
Gill R3 sonic anemometer
Continuous

ATMOSPHERE>ATMOSPHERIC WINDS>WIND DYNAMICS>TURBULENCE
Gill R3 sonic anemometer
Continuous

ATMOSPHERE>ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE>SURFACE TEMPERATURE>AIR TEMPERATURE
Gill R3 sonic anemometer
Continuous
Angelo Viola, Mauro Mazzola
angelopietro.viola@cnr.it; mauro.mazzola@cnr.it
National Research Council of Italy
Type: land platform (fixed)
Status: Operational
SIOS project: -
RIS ids: 3471
Site info: